Our Lineage

Lineage Chart of the Dharma Drum Mountain Line of the Chinese Chan Buddhism

(I) Lineage Chart of the Chinese Chan Tradition from the Twenty-eight Indian Lineage Masters to the Six Chinese Lineage Masters

佛 Buddha 釋迦牟尼 Sakyamuni

祖 Patriarchs

1. 摩訶迦葉 Mahakasyapa
2. 阿難 Ananda
3. 商那和修 Sanavasa
4. 優波毱多 Upagupta
5. 提多迦 Dhritaka
6. 彌遮迦 Michaka
7. 婆須密 Vasumitra
8. 佛陀難提 Buddhanandi
9. 佛陀蜜多 Buddhamitra
10. 脅尊者 Parsva
11. 富那耶舍 Punyayasas
12. 馬鳴大士 Bodhisattva Asvaghosa
13. 迦毘摩羅 Kapimala
14. 龍樹尊者 Bodhisattva Nagarjuna
15. 迦那提婆 Kanadeva
16. 羅睺羅多 Rahulata
17. 僧伽難提 Sanghanandi
18. 伽耶舍多 Gayasata (also known as Sanghayasas)
19. 鳩摩羅多 Kumarata
20. 闍夜多 Jayata
21. 婆修槃頭 Vasubandhu
22. 摩奴羅 Manura (Manorhita/Manorhata)
23. 鶴勒那 Haklenayasas
24. 師子比丘 Sinha
25. 婆舍斯多 Vasiastia (Vasi-Asita)
26. 不如密多 Punyamitra
27. 般若多羅 Prajnatara
28. 菩提達摩 Bodhidharma (印度第二十八祖中國初祖) (The 28th Indian lineage master, the first Chinese lineage master) (d.535)
29. 神光慧可 Shenguang Huike (487-593)
30. 鑑智僧璨 Jianzhi Sengcan (d.606)
31. 雙峰道信 Shuanfeng Daoxin (580-651)
32. 黃梅弘忍 Huangmei Hongren (602-675)
33. 曹溪慧能 Caoxi Huineng (638-713)

(II) Lineage Chart of Zhigang Weirou (Huikong Shengyen) in the Linji School

1. 曹溪慧能 Caoxi Huineng (638-713)
2. 南嶽懷讓 Nanyue Huairang (677-744)
3. 馬祖道一 Mazu Daoyi (709-788)
4. 百丈懷海 Baizhang Huaihai (750-814)
5. 黃蘗希運 Huangbo Xiyun (d.850)
6. 臨濟義玄 Linji Yixuan (d.866)
7. 興化存獎 Xinghua Cunjiang (830-888)
8. 南院慧顒 Nanyuan Huiyong (d.952)
9. 風穴延沼 Fengxue Yanzhao (896-973)
10. 首山省念 Shoushan Shengnian (926-993)
11. 汾陽善昭 Fenyang Shanzhao (947-1024)
12. 石霜楚圓 Shishuang Chuyuan (986-1039) → 黄龍慧南 Huanglong Huinan (黄龍系 Huanglong line)
13. 楊岐方會 Yangqi Fanghui (992-1049) (楊岐系 Yangqi line)
14. 白雲守端 Baiyun Shouduan (1025-1072)
15. 五祖法演 Wuzu Fayan (1024-1104)
16. 圜悟克勤 Huanwu Keqin (1063-1135) → 大慧宗杲 Dahui Zhonggao (Huatou Chan)
17. 虎丘紹隆 Huqiu Shaolong (1077-1136)
18. 應庵曇華 Yingan Tanhua (1103-1163)
19. 密庵咸傑 Mian Xianjie (1118-1186)
20. 破庵祖先 Poan Zuxian (1136-1211)
21. 無準師範 Wuzhun Shifan (1174-1249)
22. 斷橋妙倫 Duanqiao Miaolun (1201-1261)
23. 方山文寶 Fangshan Wenbao (d.1335)
24. 無見先覩 Wujian Xiandu (1265-1334)
25. 白雲智度 Baiyun Zhidu (1304-1370)
26. 古拙昌俊 Guzhuo Changjun
27. 無際明悟 Wuji Mingwu
28. 月溪耀澄 Yuexi Yaocheng
29. 夷峰鏡寧 Yifeng Jingning (d.1491)
30. 寶芳智進 Baofang Zhijin
31. 野翁慧曉 Yeweng Huixiao
32. 無趣清空 Wuqu Qingkong (1491-1580)
33. 無幻淨沖 Wuhuan Jingchong (1540-1611)
34. 南明道廣 Nanming Daoguang
35. 鴛湖德用 Yuanhu Deyong (1587-1642)
36. 高菴圓清 Gaoan Yuanqing (Gushan school)
37. 本智明覺 Benzhi Mingjue
38. 紫柏真可 Zibo Zhenke (1543-1603)
39. 端旭如弘 Duanxu Ruhong
40. 純潔性奎 Chunjie Xingkui
41. 慈雲海俊 Ciyun Haijun
42. 質生寂文 Zhisheng Jiwen
43. 端員照華 Duanyuan Zhaohua
44. 其岸普明 Qian Puming
45. 弢巧通聖 Taoqiao Tongsheng
46. 悟修心空 Wuxiu Xinkong
47. 宏化源悟 Honghua Yuanwu
48. 祥青廣松 Xiangqing Guangsong
49. 守道續先 Shoudao Xuxian
50. 正岳本超 Zhengyue Benchao
51. 永暢覺乘 Yongchang Jueshen
52. 方來昌遠 Fanglai Changyuan
53. 豁悟隆參 Huowu Longcan
54. 維超能燦 Weichao Nengcan
55. 奇量仁繁 Qiliang Renfan
56. 妙蓮聖華 Miaolian Shenghua
57. 鼎峰果成 Dingfeng Guocheng
58. 善慈常開 Shanci Changkai
59. 德清演徹 Deqing Yanche (虛雲) (Xu-yun) (1840-1959)
60. 佛慧寬印 Fohui Kuanyin
61. 靈源宏妙 Lingyuan Hongmiao (1902-1988)
62. 知剛惟柔 Zhigang Weirou (慧空聖嚴 ) (Huikong Shengyen) (1930-2009)

Note: The above information is based on the ‘Record of Star and Lamp’ which is transmitted by Nan Hua Monastery of Guangdong. It has been reviewed by Ven. Master Lingyuan and was published by Shifang Dajue (Great Enlightenment of the Ten Directions) Monastery of Taiwan.

– Counting from the first lineage master Mahakasyapa, Huikong Shengyen belongs to the 94th generation of the Chan lineage.
– From the first lineage master of the Chinese Chan tradition, Bodhidharma, Huikong Shengyen belongs to the 67th generation of the Chan lineage.
– From the sixth lineage master of the Chan tradition, Caoxi Huineng, Huikong Shengyen belongs to the 62nd generation of the Chan lineage.
– From Linji Yixuan, Huikong Shengyen belongs to the 57th generation of the Linji School.
– From Yangqi Fanghui, Huikong Shengyen belongs to the 50th generation of the Yangqi line of the Linji School.
– From Gaoan Yuanqing, Huikong Shengyen belongs to the 27th generation of the Gushan (Drum Mountain) branch of the Yangqi line of the Linji School.
– Zhigang Weirou (Huikong Shengyen) is the first generation of the Dharma Drum Mountain line of the Linji School in Taiwan and the United States.

(III) Lineage Chart of Huikong Shengyen in the Caodong School

1. 曹溪慧能 Caoxi Huineng (638-713)
2. 青原行思 Qingyuan Xingsi (d.740)
3. 石頭希遷 Shitou Xiqian (700-790)
4. 藥山惟儼 Yaoshan Weiyan (751-834)
5. 雲儼曇晟 Yunyan Tancheng (782-841)
6. 洞山良价 Dongshan Liangjie (807-869)
7. 曹山本寂 Caoshan Benji (840-901)
7. 雲居道膺 Yunju Daoying
8. 同安道丕 Tongan Daopi
9. 同安觀志 Tongan Guanzhi
10. 梁山緣觀 Liangshan Yuanguan
11. 大陽警玄 Dayang Jingxuan (943-1027)
12. 投子義青 Touzi Yiqing (1032-1083)
13. 芙蓉道楷 Furong Daokai (1043-1118)
14. 丹霞子淳 Danxia Zichun (1064-1119) → 15. 宏智正覺 Hongzhi Zhengjue (1091-1157) → 16. 自得慧暉 Zide Huihui (1097-1183) 等十代而絕 lineage ended after ten generations
.                                                                → 15. 真歇清了 Zhenxie Qingliao (1090-1151) → 16. 天童宗珏 Tiantong Zongjue (1091-1162) → 17. 雪竇智鑑 Xuedou Zhijian (1105-1192) → 18. 天童如淨 Tiantong Rujing (1162-1228) → 19. 日本道元 Daoyuan (Dogen in Japanese) (1200-1253)
14. 鹿門自覺 Lumen Zijue (d.1117)
15. 普照一辯 Puzhao Yibian (1081-1149)
16. 靈巖僧寶 Lingyan Sengbao (1114-1171)
17. 玉山師體 Yushan Shiti
18. 雪巖慧滿 Xueyan Huiman (d.1206)
19. 萬松行秀 Wansong Xingxiu (1166-1246)
20. 雪庭福裕 Xueting Fuyu (1203-1275)
21. 靈隱文泰 Lingyin Wentai (d.1289)
22. 還源福遇 Huanyuan Fuyu (1245-1313)
23. 淳拙文才 Chunzuo Wencai (1273-1352)
24. 松庭子嚴 Songting Ziyan
25. 凝然了改 Ningran Liaogai (1335-1421)
26. 俱空契斌 Jukong Qibin (1383-1452)
27. 無方可從 Wufang Kecong (1420-1483)
28. 月舟文載 Yuezhou Wenzai (1452-1524)
29. 宗鏡宗書 Zongjing Zongshu (1500-1567)
30.  蘊空常忠 Yunkong Changzhong (1514-1588) → 31. 無明慧經 Wuming Huijing (1548-1618) → 32. 博山元來 (博山糸) Boshan Yuanlai (1575-1630) (Boshan Line)
.                                                                                                                                                       → 32.  鼓山元賢 (鼓山糸) Gushan Yuanxian (1578-1657) (Gushan Line)
30. 幻休常潤 Huanxiu Changrun (d.1585)
31. 慈舟方念 Cizhou Fangnian (d.1594)
32. 雲門圓澄 Yunmen Yuancheng (1561-1626) (Yunmen line)
33. 瑞白明雪 Ruibai Mingxue (1584-1641)
34. 破闇淨燈 Poan Jingdeng (1603-1659) (焦山糸 Jiaoshan Line)
35. 古樵智先 Guqiao Zhixian
36. 鑑堂德鏡 Jiantang Dejing
37. 碩庵行載 Shuoan Xingzai
38. 敏修福毅 Minxiu Fuyi (d.1790)
39. 碧岩祥潔 Biyan Xiangjie (1703-1765)
40. 濟舟澄洮 Jizhou Chengyao (d.1737)
41. 巨超清恒 Juchau Qingheng
42. 性源覺詮 Xingyuan Juequan
43. 墨溪海蔭 Moxi Haiyin
44. 月輝了禪 Yuehui Liaochan
45. 流長悟春 Liuchang Wuchun
46. 芥航大須 Jiehang Daxu
47. 雲帆常照 Yunfan Changzhao
48. 峰屏肇慈 Fenping Zhaoci
49. 德峻自覺 Dejun Zijue
50. 吉堂迦泰 Jitang Jiatai
51. 智光文覺 Zhiguang Wenjue (1889-1963)
52. 東初鐙朗 Dongchu Denglang (1908-1977)
53. 茗山傳薪 Mingshan Chuanxin (1913-2001)
53. 慧空聖嚴 Huikong Shengyen (1930-2009) (法鼓山糸) (Dharma Drum Mountain Line)

Note: The above information is based on the history and biography sections of the Tripitaka, ‘History of Zen’ by Y.H. Ku, the attached chart of Chinese Chan Lineage in Mogetsu Shinkô’s ‘The Dictionary of Buddhism’ Volume 6, the ‘Records of Jiao Shan’ edited by Ven. Master Mingshan, and ‘The Spring of the Dharma, The Source of Life’ by Master Shengyen himself.

– Counting from the first lineage master Mahakasyapa, Shengyen belongs to the 85th generation of the Chan lineage.
– From the first Chinese lineage master Bodhidharma, Shengyen belongs to the 58th generation of the Chan lineage.
– From the sixth lineage master Caoxi Huineng, Shengyen belongs to the 53rd generation of the Chan lineage.
– From Dongshan Liangjie, Shengyen belongs to the 48th generation of the Caodong School.
– From Poan Jingdeng, Shengyen belongs to the 20th generation of the Jiaoshan line of the Caodong School.
– Huikong Shengyen is the first generation of the Dharma Drum Mountain line of the Caodong School in Taiwan and the United States.

Dharma Drum Lineage of Chinese Chan

– Huikong Shengyen founded Dharma Drum Lineage of Chinese Chan.
– Transmitting from Lingyuan Hongmiao: Lini lineage–Yangqi line–Gushan School.
– Transmitting from Dogchu Denlang: Caodong lineage–Yunmen line–Jiaoshan School.
– Preceded by the combined lineages of Linji and Caodong, followed by innovation of Chan teachings, Huikong Shengyen is the founder of the Dharma Drum Lineage of Chinese Chan.

The thirty-two word lineage verse of the Wutai Emei Putuo Monastery of the Linji School

心源廣續 Xin Yuan Guang Xu,          Mind’s origin extensively continues
本覺昌隆 Ben Jue Chang Long,        Intrinsic enlightenment flourishes and prospers
能仁聖果 Neng Ren Sheng Guo,      Being able to have kindness is to obtain the holy fruit
常演寬宏 Chang Yan Kuan Hong,     Always perform broad-mindedly
惟傳法印 Wei Chuan Fa Yin,             Only transmit the teaching in accordance with the Dharma seals
證悟會融 Zheng Wu Hui Rong,        Realization merges together
堅持戒定 Jian Chi Jie Ding,               Firmly uphold sila and practice dhyana
永紀祖宗 Yong Ji Zu Zong.               Forever commemorate masters and patriarchs